Wednesday, December 28, 2011

Heritage and Environment: Forgedaboudit !

The Athabasca River Basin
1,538 km in length, the Athabasca River is Alberta’s longest undammed river and its second largest by volume. The river drains the 159,000 km² Athabasca River Basin before eventually flowing into the Arctic Ocean via the Mackenzie River. It is a Canadian Heritage River because of its outstanding natural beauty, historical significance and recreational importance.

The Athabasca River Basin contains 94 rivers, 150 named creeks and 153 lakes. Four of Alberta’s six natural regions are represented in the basin: Rocky Mountain, Foothills, Boreal and Canadian Shield. Over 600 significant natural areas have been identified throughout the basin. This diverse region of unparalleled beauty contains a rich diversity of plants, animals and other organisms and offers many opportunities for outdoor recreation and tourism.

The Peace-Athabasca Delta, a wetland of international significance, is one of the largest freshwater deltas in the world. Its marshes and mudflats provide important staging and breeding habitat for water birds, including the endangered whooping crane. The sedge and grass meadows provide key habitat for wood bison and other mammals. Wood Buffalo National Park, Canada’s largest national park, which covers part of the Peace-Athabasca Delta, has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983.

The Athabasca River Basin is archaeologically and historically significant, having a strong connection to First Nations Peoples, early explorers, the fur trade and the European settlement of Canada’s northwest. About 150,000 residents (2001 Census) now engage in a variety of occupations throughout the basin. Many Aboriginal groups live in and use the river basin. This includes the Cree, Dene/Chipewyan, and Nakota Sioux First Nations, and Métis People.

The Athabasca river Basin now also has a strong connection to the energy industry and is being greatly transformed by industrial development and climate change.





Oil Sands Pollute with Fish-Killing Toxins, New Study Shows, Andrew Nikiforuk, The Tyee, August 30, 2010
"Despite repeated government claims that the world's largest energy project doesn't contaminate the Athabasca River, a new scientific study released today shows that air pollution from the oil sands industry combined with extensive watershed destruction has released a highly toxic brew of heavy metals into northern waterways.

"The study, published in the prestigious Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), also found that the levels of heavy metals detected from snow runoff or downstream of industrial development exceeded Canadian and Alberta guidelines for protecting fish and aquatic life for seven out of 13 pollutants studied. In some cases metal contamination exceeded guidelines by 30-fold.

"The heavy metals, rated as priority pollutants by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, include mercury, arsenic, beryllium, copper, cadmium, thallium, lead, nickel, zinc and silver. All are toxic..."
Suncor Energy and the Athabasca River



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3 comments:

  1. Athabasca Lake also has deformed fish in it. The mighty Athabasca River, is poisoned. That river has been my favorite, in the entire world. So, the huge Athabasca watershed is now contaminated.

    The Caribou are dying. Another flock of ducks died from landing in that filthy sludge. Our Whooping Cranes, fly right over the tar sands. All we can do is pray they don't decide to land there too. All the animals who use that water, will perish.

    The Boreal Forest is the last in North America. Thousands of species of wild creatures live in that forest. However, the bitumen under the forest, comes first.

    The F.N. village is dying of cancer. Even the very rare cancer of, exposure to petroleum.

    None of that matters to Harper. He is absolutely rabid and insane with greed, and that always comes first. Harper bully's country's non-stop, to accept the dirty tar oil.

    This lethal tar sands oil, can and will pollute the entire planet. Harper hasn't been all that honest about the toxicity of the dirty oil. Europe was not too happy about Harper's false statements either.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Tar Sands expansion will double in the next decade, with 740,000 km of Boreal Forest destroyed, and an estimated 500 pairs of breeding boreal birds per 2.5 km. The cost of dirty oil in terms of biodiversity is incalculable, and Canadians are partners in this environmental crime.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Just noticed above comment should read 740,000 acres of Boreal Forest (see "Satellite Photos Illustrate Dramatic Expansion of Canadian Tar Sands" posted 28 December over at Climateprogress.org). Still an incredible area of wildlife habitat wiped out.

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